盘点国内泵行业的八大难题/Inventory of the eight major problems in the domestic pump industry
Data： 2021-11-01 10:22
This article analyzes some problems existing in the development of China's water pump industry, hoping to use this content to effectively summarize and analyze the existing development bottlenecks of various water pump companies, and promote the sustainable development of the industry.
The localization rate of major engineering pump products has gradually increased, and currently it has basically met the needs of the country's economic construction and development. However, in terms of the current overall status of the industry, there is still a gap between China and the industrialized countries. In particular, the independent development capabilities of enterprises are weak, and the core technologies of products with high technical content and high added value that are urgently needed for the development of the national economy have not yet been mastered, and there are still many problems that need to be solved urgently.
1. Lack of investment in R&D funds
Compared with some famous foreign companies, domestic enterprises have a clear gap in product technology accumulation and new product development. Insufficient investment in science and technology funds and R&D funds have become a major factor restricting independent R&D in the water pump manufacturing industry. According to incomplete industry statistics, R&D capital investment accounts for less than 2% of the company’s sales revenue. Compared with well-known foreign companies, the industry’s R&D capital investment appears to be minimal, which severely restricts new technologies, new products, new materials, and new processes. R&D.
2. Weak independent innovation capabilities
The digestion and absorption of imported technology is slow, and most companies have weak technological innovation capabilities and lack manufacturing technology and product technology with independent intellectual property rights. Although most products in the water pump industry have basically achieved independent production and manufacturing, some major technical equipment lacks independent intellectual property rights, and the core technology is still in the hands of foreign parties. Most of the domestic water pump manufacturers are responsible for the low-end processing of products, and the breadth and depth of autonomy still need to be improved. For example, the nuclear-grade pump products in the complete sets of equipment for nuclear power plants and the high-pressure boiler feedwater pump core package products in the complete sets of equipment for mega-kilowatt supercritical and ultra-supercritical thermal power plants that have been manufactured in China; required for large-scale petrochemical complete sets of technical equipment Most of the key core technologies such as high-pressure and low-flow pumps, corrosion-resistant chemical process pumps, corrosion-resistant and wear-resistant centrifugal pumps for coal liquefaction, and positive displacement pumps still need to be imported. This is the direction that domestic pump industry enterprises need to focus on.
3. Weak basic supporting components
The development of basic technology is lagging behind, and basic supporting components are even weaker. For a long time, due to the lack of due attention to basic technology research, the development of basic machinery and basic components in China's preparation manufacturing industry has been lagging behind, which has become the primary factor restricting the development of major technological equipment. Basic supporting mechanical products such as mechanical seals, instruments and meters, and minimum flow devices are mostly mid-to-low-end products, and the quality of the new energy is not stable enough. This is also an important reason why many users choose to buy foreign pump products.
4. The core technology relies on imports
Important technical equipment still needs to rely on imports. The domestic pump industry attaches too much importance to the introduction, ignores the digestion, absorption and re-innovation of imported technologies, and blindly repeats the introduction. By introducing foreign advanced design and manufacturing technology to shorten the gap with the world's advanced level, it is still an important channel for technological development and upgrading of the pump manufacturing industry. In the 1990s, although the domestic water pump manufacturing industry was able to provide some major equipment and products needed for economic construction, the core technology still mainly relied on foreign imports, and the industry's own independent development, assimilation, absorption and re-innovation capabilities were still very weak.
5. The complete set of capabilities is too weak
The overall design of domestic water pump companies is too weak for complete sets of capabilities. The industry as a whole lacks general contracting enterprises with system design, complete set capabilities and system service functions.
This is mainly reflected in the following two aspects:
On the one hand, China's water pump manufacturing industry has weak overall design and system integration capabilities for major complete projects, making it difficult to provide users with comprehensive solutions and "turnkey projects";
On the other hand, the development of China's water pump manufacturing industry is a relatively complex system engineering, requiring close cooperation between research units, design units, manufacturing units, manufacturing companies and application departments to coordinate mass production.
However, looking at the current situation of the domestic water pump industry is completely different. Enterprises with general contracting capabilities have not yet formed, and scientific research institutes, design institutions, and manufacturing companies are independent. Part of the complete equipment manufacturing system was gradually crushed and squeezed by multinational companies in the fierce international and domestic market competition, and became part suppliers of multinational companies.
6. The application department is "fascinated" by imported water pumps
The application department lacks the enthusiasm to purchase domestic water pumps, which is bound to shackle the enthusiasm of water pump manufacturers to vigorously develop products with independent intellectual property rights and patents. After more than half a century of development, especially during the national "Eleventh Five-Year Plan" and "Twelfth Five-Year Plan" period, with the construction of a number of key projects in China, such as one million tons of ethylene, ten million tons of oil refining, and one million kilowatts of nuclear power, etc. , Which has stimulated the development of China's pump products, and the number of domestically produced equipment is increasing. The technical level of China's water pump manufacturing enterprises has a great price advantage compared with foreign countries, and domestic water pump products should gain a larger market share. However, due to the blind pursuit of foreign advanced technology and equipment by some user departments, and no consideration of cost performance, there are countless examples of national pump products being defeated by foreign products in domestic procurement bidding. Especially for independent innovation, the first major technical equipment pump product developed by itself has reached or surpassed similar foreign products, but the user department still refuses to use it under various excuses such as monthly operating performance, which makes it difficult for domestic pump products to be used in some Used in key projects and key projects.
7. Low level of "Industrialization and Industrialization"
The national "Twelfth Five-Year" development plan proposes to comprehensively improve the level of informatization and promote the in-depth integration of informatization and industrialization. During the "Twelfth Five-Year Plan" period, pump manufacturers have upgraded their ERP systems, adding Director6 production management systems, LPM systems, etc. However, the application rate of industry information technology in the pump manufacturing industry is still relatively low. Information technology has become an indispensable means to improve industrial production efficiency and added value, including product upgrades, remote monitoring of key equipment, wireless monitoring, and business management and other links are increasingly inseparable from the application of information technology. However, as far as the domestic water pump industry is concerned, the comprehensive application of information technology has not been widely used in its domestic water pump manufacturing industry, which completely affects the future sustainable development of the water pump industry. The development potential of water pump companies is insufficient, which restricts the overall industry The level of development makes it difficult for domestic pump companies to compete with advanced foreign companies.
8. Industry norms need to be updated urgently
Industry common technology research lacks, design, process, materials, manufacturing standards and specifications need to be updated urgently. Due to the restructuring, some industry-oriented research institutes have become companies fighting on their own. The nature of the organization and the focus of work have undergone very big changes. Many standards such as technology, materials and manufacturing are difficult to connect with foreign countries, which has caused an important bottleneck restricting the development of the water pump industry.
To sum up, although there are still many problems to be solved on the development road of the domestic water pump industry, as long as companies think and innovate in response to these problems, China's water pump industry can still obtain a very good development space. It is hoped that with the help of the content of this article, we can sound the alarm for various water pump companies and enable their industry to achieve real sustainable development.
发布时间（Time） : 2023-01-18
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